South Africa is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent, marked by several distinct ecosystems. Inland safari destination Kruger National Park is populated by big game. The Western Cape offers beaches, lush winelands around Stellenbosch and Paarl, craggy cliffs at the Cape of Good Hope, forest and lagoons along the Garden Route, and the city of Cape Town, beneath flat-topped Table Mountain.
Tanzaniaˌ officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in Eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region. Parts of the country are in Southern Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and by the Indian Ocean to the east. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
The Zanzibar Archipelago consists of four main islands of which, Zanzibar locally known as Unguja, and Pemba are the largest. Surrounding Unguja are a number of smaller islets, both inhabited and uninhabited. Located in the Indian Ocean on Swahili Coast, adjacent to mainland Tanzania, the island covers an area of approximately 985 km2 and is separated from the Tanzanian mainland by a channel some 56 km wide. Zanzibar was once known as the most important trading city in the whole of the Indian Ocean and the world’s largest producer of cloves. Today agriculture and fishing are the principal economic activity among a large percentage of the population, while major exports remain cloves, coconut products, and spices.
The Rift Valley lakes are a group of lakes in the East African Rift that runs north-south through the eastern side of the African continent, from Ethiopia in the north to Malawi in the south. These lakes include some of the oldest, largest, and deepest lakes in the world. Many are freshwater ecoregions of great biodiversity, while others are alkaline "soda lakes" supporting highly specialized organisms.